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importance and potential of water is often overlooked - far beyond
water for drinking. Food, cover and water must be
available to attract and hold wildlife on your property.
Wildlife and deer are attracted to water for drinking, feeding,
salt, minerals, relief from insects, cooling, resting, playing,
security (especially for bedding areas), it's location, and
protection from predators. Wounded animals often seek water
Water and specific aquatic plants can be
introduced almost anywhere to attract and hold wildlife and deer;
especially if no other water is nearby and even if
other water is nearby. We often hear that our aquatic plants are
the best food plots hunters have ever seen. When wildlife is in,
on, or near a pond, deer and other wildlife feel secure because of
their presence. Wildlife and deer concentrate their attention to
the water and other wildlife and less on the hunter.
Proper Location is critical. Ponds can be
especially productive when they are located near food sources,
cover and deer bedding areas. Ponds can be placed where they will
aid in wildlife retention and direct wildlife along trails or
corridors most desirable to you (near your stand, cabin or home).
Ponds can be created in lowlands near the water table or higher
elevations with pond liners. Ditches, valleys,
gullies, ravines, or draws can be made to hold water year round,
especially in hilly country. Even if ponds don't hold water year
round, they may hold water for days or weeks after each rainfall.
Multiple aquatic food plots on your property will attract and hold
Design considerations include the primary
purpose and overall cost. Wildlife ponds do not need to be large
but they can be. Wildlife ponds do not need to be deep but they can
be. What are the benefits of irregular shapes and more shoreline?
Thick cover makes wildlife feel secure but aquatic plants require
sunlight. What can you learn from test holes? ABI can answer all of
Benefits of ponds with impermeable liners
include the ability to construct a lake, pond, aquatic food plot
anywhere, with any size, shape or depth. Lined ponds usually
require less excavation, decreased costs, age slower and can remain
clearer than earthen ponds. Water elevation can be brought to grade
level and limit nutrient loading. Nearby trees, shrubs and plants
do not affect water level fluctuations. Fish grade liners (not
rubber roofing liners) are desirable for aquatic food ponds. Most
importantly, liners DO NOT LEAK.
Clay or bentonite lined ponds are other
options, but are usually more expensive overall. 3 ft. of good
quality clay or 6 in. of bentonite is usually required to evenly
cover all areas of a pond. If deer, muskrats, fallen trees or rocks
penetrate the clay or bentonite, the pond will leak. When water is
murky, aquatic plants may be difficult to sustain.
ABI can install, help, or give you instructions for installing
ABI for information about 13 different ways to fill ponds and
maintain water levels throughout the year.
Aquatic Food Plots are all natural. Deer,
waterfowl and wildlife are attracted to and will travel great
distances for specific aquatic plants and minerals in
the soil near water.
Contact ABI for many cost effective ideas to make your aquatic
food plot more productive.
Aquatic Biologists Inc. will consult on your property to enhance
and improve wildlife and hunting habitat with strategically placed
and designed ponds, and dramatically improved aquatic
habitat. ABI also consults on lakes, fish, swim ponds and
can improve and benefit any and all water habitat and water
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